Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904)
Eadweard J. Muybridge is an American landscape photographer who became famous through his "instantaneous photography", producing multiple images to break down and capture movement. In 1878 he placed 12 cameras at the side of a racecourse and thus proved that all four of a horse's hooves left the ground during a gallop and that the horse therefore was momentarily suspended in mid-air. Following this first experiment, Muybridge took more than 100,000 shots which he used to study human and animal movement. In 1881, he developed the zoopraxiscope, a type of projector that was used to reconstruct movement, and in so doing, established himself as a precursor of cinema.