Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840)
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) was the leader of German romantic painting. He was obsessed by solitude, death and mystery and believed that "the artist should paint not only what he sees before him, but also what he sees within him". His spiritual landscapes, built around a sublime and symbolic nature with an omnipresent God at its heart, encourage man towards mystical contemplation and humility. He thus takes up the ideas of Goethe, with whom he maintained a correspondence from 1805. At the end of his career, in 1834, sick and solitary, Friedrich received the sculptor David d'Angers who famously said: "This man discovered the tragedy of landscape".